By George H. Daniels
During this first attempt to outline an American medical group, initially released in 1968, George Daniels has selected for designated learn the fifty six scientists such a lot released within the sixteen medical journals pointed out as “national” through the interval 1815 to 1845. In this reprint variation, with a brand new preface and creation, Daniels indicates how American scientists emerged from a disorganized crew of amateurs right into a expert physique sharing a typical orientation and customary targets.
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Additional info for American Science in the Age of Jackson (History Amer Science & Technol)
Institutional weakness could certainly account for a relative lack of achievement, but to the careful observer, the lack appeared to be more than relative. There was also the puzzling fact that when Americans engaged in theoretical debate, they almost invariably chose the wrong side of the issue. The obvious gap between "potentiality and achievement," along with the problems with theory, so I thought, could be traced to the prevalence of an excessively naive philosophy of science that was based, rather loosely, on the teachings of Francis Bacon.
The basic proposition of those arguing against an "American science'' was, after all, correctAmericans had contributed only minimally to the developing body of world science before the twentieth century. Most early American scientists who had any claim to membership in the world scientific community Page x had been the subject of at least one biography, although no others measured up to the standards set by I. Bernard Cohen, Edward Lurie, and A. Hunter Dupree. Works outside this explicit framework were extremely rare.
8. James R. Fleming, Meteorology in America, 18001870 (Baltimore, 1990). 9. Sally G. Kohlstedt, The Formation of the American Scientific Community: The American Association for the Advancement of Science, 18481860 (Urbana, 1972). 10. Joel J. Orosz, Curators and Culture: The Museum Movement in America, 17401870 (Tuscaloosa, 1990). Page xviii 11. Charlotte M. Porter, The Eagle's Nest: Natural History and American Ideas, 18121842 (Tuscaloosa, 1986). 12. Neal C. Gillespie, "Preparing for Darwin: Conchology and Natural Theology in Anglo-American Natural History" in Studies in History of Biology, edited by William Coleman and Camille Limoges (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984), Vol.