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By Dr. Horst Kant (auth.)

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Extra resources for Alfred Nobel

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Bergengren hebt hervor: In den Nobel-Werken gab es zu Alfred Nobels Lebzeiten keine Streiks und auch keine Aussperrungen der Arbeiter, nicht einmal in Krisenzeiten ... Die Leute wurden im Vergleich Zu anderen Industrien gut bezahlt, und die Nobel-Gesellschaften waren mit ihren sozialen Einrichtungen ihrer Zeit weit voraus. [3, S. 121] Aus solchen Feststellungen sollten keine voreiligen Schlu/3folgerungen gezogen werden; ahnliche Erscheinungen lassen sich bei einer Reihe anderer Gro13unternehmen in jener Zeit ebenfalls beobachten, beispielsweise bei Siemens & Halske in Berlin und den ZeissWerken in Jena.

Nobels Sprengol und Dynamite hatten das alte Sehwarzpulvcr auf dem Einsatzgebiet als Sprengstoff weitestgehend verdrangt, abcr als Sehiel3pulvcr, d . h. also als Treibstoff bzw. Antriebsstoff, konnte das Sehwarzpulver noeh seinen Platz behaupten. Ein Naehteil des 54 Schwarzpulvers machte aber den Pulverexperten in bezug auf eine moderne Kriegsfiihrung immer mehr zu schaffen: die recht starke Rauchentwicklung. Vor allem durch die schnellere Feuergeschwindigkeit der neuentwickelten Magazingewehre wurde die Rauchentwicklung immer storender.

Einen solchen psychologischen "Masseneffekt" - die Furcht vor dem Neuen und spater die "Gewohnung", die oft zur Gleichgiiltigkeit fiihrt - kann man in der Geschichte der Technik immer wieder beobachten. Da kam Alfred Nobel auf die Idee, auf dem Malarsee bei Stockholm auf einem verankerten Prahm seine Produktionsstatte einzurichten. Vnter primitiven Bedingungen konnte er noch Ende 1864 die Produktion von "Nobels Patent-Spreng-Ol" wieder aufnehmen. Anfang 1865 gelang es der Gesellschaft, ein Gelande am Vintervi32 ken aul3erhalb Stockholms zu erwerben.

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