By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov
This monograph is dedicated to the activation and diverse ameliorations of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), i.e. reactions observed by way of the C--H and C--C bond cleavage. Alkanes are the most parts of oil and usual fuel, and accordingly are the valuable feedstocks for the chemical undefined. nonetheless, those components are identified to be the least reactive natural compounds. designated consciousness is paid to the lately came across alkane activations in the presence of steel complexes, that are defined in additional element. as well as the reactions of saturated hydrocarbons that are the major subject of this publication, the activation of C--H bonds in arenes or even olefins and acetylenes are thought of. The monograph could be necessary not just in case you have an interest in the activation of alkanes and different hydrocarbons by means of steel complexes, but in addition for experts in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, petrochemistry, and organometallic chemistry. a few components of the monograph should be of curiosity for experts in inorganic and natural chemistry, theoretical chemistry, biochemistry or even biology, and additionally in case you paintings within the petrochemical undefined, commercial natural synthesis and biotechnology.
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The electronically excited oxygen atom reacts with alkanes, the dominant reaction mechanism being the insertion of this atom into the C-H bond, thus yielding chemically activated alcohol followed by fragmentation [8c,d]. Transformations in the Absence of Metals 27 The same species in triplet state reacts with alkanes similarly to free radicals since the insertion is a spin-forbidden reaction for a triplet to form a singlet state molecule. Investigation of the singlet state oxygen reaction with alkanes in the gas phase has revealed that two distinct channels exist for these reactions.
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