By Axel Schuessler
This can be the 1st real etymological dictionary of previous chinese language written in any language. As such, it constitutes a milestone in study at the evolution of the Sinitic language crew. while prior reviews have emphasised the constitution of the chinese language characters, this pathbreaking dictionary areas fundamental emphasis at the sounds and meanings of Sinitic roots. in keeping with greater than 3 a long time of extensive research in basic and secondary resources, this thoroughly new dictionary locations outdated chinese language squarely in the Sino-Tibetan language family members (including shut attention of various Tiberto-Burman languages), whereas paying due regard to different language households resembling Austroasiatic, Miao-Yao (Hmong-Mien), and Kam-Tai.
Designed to be used by way of nonspecialists and experts alike, the dictionary is very obtainable, being prepared in alphabetical order and possessed of diverse cutting edge lexicographical positive factors. each one access deals a number of attainable etymologies in addition to reconstructed pronunciations and different correct information. phrases which are morphologically comparable are grouped jointly into ''word families'' that try to make particular the derivational or different etymological tactics that relate them. The dictionary is preceded via a substantial and critical advent that outlines the authorвЂ™s perspectives at the linguistic place of chinese language inside of Asia and information the phonological and morphological homes, to the measure they're recognized, of the earliest phases of the chinese and its ancestor. This advent, since it either summaries and synthesizes prior paintings and makes a number of unique contributions, features as an invaluable reference paintings all by itself.
The ABC Etymological Dictionary of previous chinese language is a enormous success within the background of chinese language linguistics, supplying many new hypotheses and systematically comparing and incorporating prior scholarship. it will likely be warmly welcomed by means of students in a wide selection of China- and Asia-related fields, together with early chinese, literature, tradition, and idea in addition to the wider cultural-linguistic panorama of prehistorical East and Southeast Asia.
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Extra info for ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese
The same correspondences are encountered in Tai and AA loans (one way or the other; LH after the graph): Cover Siam. pOkDIS < *p- 'to cover, book cover' bao [pou B] *pu? 'preserve, protect' Fall down Siam. tokD1S < *t- 'fall down' dao 1i~ [tou B] *tau7 'turn over, fall' Mortar Siam. k hrokD2S 'mortar' jiu [gu B] *gu? 4 TONES Pig PMonic *cliik 'pig' shr ~ [seB] *lhe?? 'pig' Down, below Khmer gra 'ka Igrak/ 'to be low' xia T [gaB] *grii? 'down, below' Drip Khmer sra 'ka Israk/ 'drip' xu 1~ [~a(B)] *sra?
AD 150. But this is explicitly a dictionary of graphs, not words; it often describes a graph, which is not the same as an etymological explanation. For example, the SW (and also GSR 1166c) explains jiflO 1~~ [kau B] 'burn on a pyre of crossed logs' as cognate to jiao 5( [kau 1 'to cross'. But the definition 'burn on crossed logs' could well have been suggested by the graphic element 'to cross'; therefore the word may have had just the meaning 'to burn' and be related to relevant TB items, but not to 'to cross'.
Thus (colloquial) Mandarin tafm 'he, she, it' is the same etymon as the literary word luB 'the other'. WJ 3< hang fT (yal]) 'strong, vigorous' (kBI)B) 'strong' 3< geng 'make an effort, compel' 'strong' Additional kinds of changes which are often encountered in wfs arealtemations in the Me divisions, especially div. III vs. 2). Since OC morphological processes have so far been difficult to understand, word family relationships have been the best one could offer (Karigren, Wang Ll). The present work will attempt to bring more precision to the study of etymology by suggesting, when possible, morphological explanations for allofams.