Download A UN 'Legion': Between Utopia and Reality by Stephen Kinloch Pichat PDF

By Stephen Kinloch Pichat

A clean exam of the origins, evolution and way forward for proposals for a UN 'Legion' - an enduring army strength recruited, educated and deployed by means of the UN.

This new ebook exhibits how this thought has grown, re-emerged and developed in direct reference to the advance of UN overseas army forces. The legionnaires were visible because the destiny representatives of a contemporary constabulary, overseas police or humanitarian chivalry. they've got additionally continually evoked the assumption of mercenaries and resurrected fears of supranational executive and a 'world army'. the sort of strength has been inconceivable whilst wanted, now not wanted whilst possible, revealing the deficiencies of the overseas approach within the viewpoint of a selected activity. the assumption highlights the inadequacy of the potential compared to the targets, and the boundaries of the UN's means to conform itself to new demanding situations.

This examine examinmes how the undertaking of a UN 'Legion' is conditional at the viability of the unique Utopia, and vice versa. It additionally argues that the intense polarization of the talk might replicate an inclination to negate the inherent contradictions of truth, reminding us of the ancient measurement of the construction of a global association, a 'work in progress'.

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The idea of the United Nations was embodied in the Atlantic Charter, signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill aboard HMS Prince of Wales on 14 August 1941. 12 Proposals multiplied, initiated by various personalities such as Marcel de Baer (Belgium), Count Richard N. Coudenhove-Kalergi (France), Edward J. Bing, Robert Morrison, MacIver Michael Young (UK), Walter Nash (New Zealand), Max Habicht (Switzerland) and John H. Rosser (Australia). The discussion was particularly intense in the USA, with proposals by Eldon Griffin, Richard Burton Johnson, Herbert F.

17 Stassen saw in the joint actions carried out during the war the beginning of a world government, and an opportunity for the United States to assume a degree of responsibility equal to her position in world affairs, particularly in the role of peacemaker. In any case, a ‘new and higher level of government’ with limited powers delegated to it by nations but with the power to develop a sophisticated governmental machinery that could address postwar global issues was necessary. One step in that direction could be the creation of a single house or parliament in which nations would be represented and given voting power in proportion to their strength in world affairs.

B. Russell, United Nations Experience with Military Forces: Political and Legal Aspects (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1964), p. 1. P. E. Corbett, The Dumbarton Oaks Plan, Memorandum 13 (New Haven, CT: Yale Institute of International Studies, 25 November 1944), p. 13. Russell, United Nations Experience, p. 2. ‘Recommendations of the League of Nations Union on the Dumbarton Oaks Proposals’, Resolution unanimously adopted by the General Council of the League of Nations at a Special Meeting in Livingstone Hall, London, SW1, on 5 and 6 April 1945 (London: League of Nations Union, 1945).

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