By C. Paul Vincent
The failure of Germany's first republic after global struggle I has aroused a number of a long time of focused learn. Synthesizing a lot of that learn, this ancient dictionary will increase an realizing of the Weimar Republic. It comprises entries on participants as varied as Bertolt Brecht, Adolf Hitler, the physicist Lise Meitner, and the movie director Georg W. Pabst. There also are entries defining such occasions because the Beerhall Putsch and the French career of the Ruhr; numerous corporations and associations, similar to the Frankfurt university; the complicated array of political events; and treaties and agreements, reminiscent of the Locarno Treaties of 1925 and the 1929 younger Plan.
Arranged as an A to Z reference resource for the learn of recent German heritage, the dictionary provides substance to cultural phrases (such as Dada), to movie and tune, and to thoughts, resembling Anti-Semitism and Justice, deemed important to an realizing of the interval. All entries finish with bibliographic references.
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Additional info for A historical dictionary of germany's weimar republic, 1918-1933
Born in Heidelberg, he worked as an itinerant tinsmith before settling in Berlin* in 1904. An anarchist during 1908–1910, he supported the SPD after joining the metalworkers’ union in 1911. He engaged early in opposition to World War I. * On 10 November 1918 Barth was the lone radical in Berlin’s combined Workers’ and Soldiers’ Councils* prepared to serve with Germany’s interim cabinet. * His importance to the Republic is grounded in his brief service with the government. , Hugo Haase* and Wilhelm Dittmann*), who were hoping to avoid further revolution.
Although the Black Reichswehr staged a pathetic 1 October march on the Ku¨strin barracks (near Berlin), it ended without bloodshed. Angered by the Ku¨strin affair, which received wide press coverage, Seeckt ordered the Black Reichswehr’s immediate dissolution (anxiety over Poland* led to retention of a few units). Defense Minister Otto Gessler*, when called before committees of the Reichstag* and Prussian Landtag in 1926 to explain the then-defunct Arbeitskommandos, made the feeble claim that they had been organized to collect and destroy illegal weapons caches—a preposterous assertion given the rigorous military training required of them.
Born in Hamburg, he inherited considerable wealth as a teenage orphan and used it to study art. He moved to Munich, where his fertile mind profited from a milieu that, with the 1896 founding of the journals Jugend and Simplizissimus, generated an avid public. Influenced by Jugendstil, he gravitated to graphic design. At the request of Hesse’s Grossherzog Ernst Ludwig, he helped found Darmstadt’s Artists Colony during 1899–1903; while he led Du¨sseldorf’s Kunstgewerbeschule during 1903–1907, he helped create the German Werkbund.