By Nick Smedley
The New Deal brought sweeping social, political, and cultural switch around the usa, which Hollywood embraced enthusiastically. Then, while the heady idealism of the Nineteen Thirties was once changed by way of the paranoia of the postwar years, Hollywood grew to become a simple aim for the anticommunists. A Divided international examines many of the vital courses of the recent Deal and the next reaction of the movie community—especially on the subject of social welfare, women’s rights, and foreign affairs. The ebook additionally presents an research of the foremost works of 3 eu directors—Billy Wilder, Ernst Lubitsch, and Fritz Lang—compared and contrasted with the goods of mainstream Hollywood. it is a new interpretation of an influential interval in American movie historical past and it truly is absolute to generate extra debate and scholarship.
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Extra info for A Divided World: Hollywood Cinema and Emigre Directors in the Era of Roosevelt and Hitler, 1933-1948
By 1947 the period of immediate adjustment was over and women workers had stabilized at numbers far higher than in 1940. 62 Tl1e increased tensions led observers to speak out more starkly. "01e home is the basic American institution; declared Frederick Crawford, head of the National Association of Manufacturers. 63 These sentiments were reinforced by a new generation of social scientists, such as Talcott Parsons, Ashley Montagu and Agnes Meyer, who added ideological underpinnings to the prejudice against women.
He therefore sought to distract domestic opposition by deliberately overdramatizing international events. Poland had fallen to Stalin; by March 1947 Greece was apparently succtunbing to conununist rule. Truman went to Congress to demand support for military intervention. The result was the Truman Doctrine and the policy of 'containment'. America would intervene in the world wherever free peoples were resisting armed subjugation. ) Democracy and private enterprise were to be preserved and Soviet influence 'contained: His speech, said a supporter, was designed to 'scare the hell out of the American people'.
The American people saw things differently. They hoped that eastern Europe could be part of the Soviet sphere of influence, yet operate as democratic and free-market nations. 'TI1is was impossibly naive. Yet it was thought inconceivable that the eastern Europeans did not want a democratic, private enterprise culture run along American lines. nvy of the world permitted no other interpretation. But what they saw was an apparent military conquest of eastern Europe by Stalin, all too reminiscent of Hitler in 1939.